- Research group: Labor Economics
- Year: 2023
This group examines the status and dynamics of the labor market's variables. It also dives into specific themes such as women's and young people's labor market insertion, the evaluation and implementation of public policies that affect the labor market, and the impact of various labor market institutions. The IECON has been studying the labor market for a very long time from both empirical and theoretical angles, with a macro and microeconomic focus.
This line of research analyzes how public policies affect the decisions of individuals, families, and companies in different contexts, mainly in the labor market. Work has been done on active employment policies (Uruguay Trabaja), educational programs, proximity programs (Jóvenes en Red), transfer programs (AFAM), pension systems, tax evasion, and labor inspection.
Labor market dynamics
This line of research seeks to analyze the labor market from a dynamic perspective. Specifically, how the decisions of economic agents over time influence future trajectories. We are also interested in studying the link between labor trajectories, job loss, and specific human capital.
The goal is to compare the behavior of worker-managed and established businesses. Several projects have studied how employment levels and wages are determined, as well as the survival, creation, and destruction of companies or jobs, the factors that hinder the formation of new businesses, worker absenteeism, and the preferences and characteristics of those who work in these businesses.
Discrimination and the labor market
This line of research seeks, mainly through the generation of empirical evidence, to determine the presence of discrimination in the labor market against some groups of workers, particularly women. It also aims to identify the key factors that lead to the disparities between men and women in the job market.